Cattle and Farm Animal Classifications

Cattle and farm animals have many classifications. In addition to these physical characteristics, cattle can also be classified by their use. Some cattle are raised specifically for milk production, while others are raised for meat. Some cattle are used for draft work, pulling plows and other farm equipment, while others are raised for their hides or other products.


  • Foal – Horse of either sex less than one year of age
  • Suckling/weanling – a foal still weaning
  • Yearling is a horse of either sex between the ages of one and two
  • Colt – Young male horses under 4. In the UK, a colt is defined as an uncastrated male from the age of two up to and including the age of four.
  • Filly – Young female horses under 4
  • Stallion/Horse – Adult male horse uncastrated
  • Mare – Adult female horse
  • Gelding – a castrated male horse
  • A rig or ridgling – male horse with a retained testicle or one which has been incompletely castrated.
  • Pony – a Horse under the height of 58 inches, 147 cm. But also Ponies often exhibit thicker manes, tails, and overall coat. They also have proportionally shorter legs, wider barrels, heavier bone, shorter and thicker necks, and short heads with broad foreheads.

Name of Meat: Cheval meat

Collective Noun: A Team of horses


  • Cow – A female camel
  • Bull – A male camel
  • Calf – A baby camel

Three main breeds: Domesticated Bactrian, Wild Bactrian, and the Dromedary

Name of Meat: Camel meat

Collective Noun: Caravan or Flock


  • Bull – not castrated adult male
  • Micky – A wild, young, unmarked bull
  • Maverick – An unbranded bovine of either sex
  • Cow – An adult female that has had a calf
  • Heifer – A young female before she has had a calf and is under three years of age
  • Calf – Young cow of both sexes
  • Feeders – calves that are weaning
  • yearlings or stirks – if between one and two years of age.
  • OX – A castrated male kept for draft or riding purposes
  • A springer – is a cow or heifer close to calving.
  • Freemartin – a female twin of a bull usually becomes an infertile partial intersex
  • Steer, also called bullock, young castrated male cattle primarily raised for beef.
  • Cattle raised for human consumption are called beef cattle.
  • Cattle bred specifically for milk production are called milking or dairy cattle
  • Stag: a male bovine (or bull) that has been castrated after or upon reaching sexual maturity and is primarily used for beef,

The terms bull, cow and calf are also used by extension to denote the sex or age of other large animals, including whales, hippopotamuses, camels, elk and elephants.

Name of Meat: Beef meat

Collective Noun: Herd


  • Ewe – An adult female
  • Ram – an intact male
  • Wether – a castrated male
  • Lamb – young sheep in first year
  • Weaner – a young animal that has been weaned, from its mother, until it is about a year old.
  • Teg – a sheep in its second year. Also hogget, old-season lamb, shearling.
  • Stag – a ram castrated after about 6 months of age.
  • Slink – a very young lamb.
  • Gummer – a sheep so old that it has lost all of its teeth..
  • Springer – a ewe close to lambing.
  • Gimmer (/ˈɡɪmər/, not /ˈdʒɪmər/) – a young female sheep, usually before her first lamb
  • Chilver – a Female Lamb
  • Hogget – A sheep in its second year and its meat are hogget.

Name of Meat: Mutton or Lamb

Collective Noun: Flock


  • Does/Nannies – Female goats
  • Buck/billy – intact males
  • Kids – young goat of both sexes
  • Werthers – castrated goats

Name of Meat: Chevon or mutton

Collective Noun: Tribe


  • Jack – male donkey
  • Jenny-female doc
  • Foal – a young donkey is a foal

Name of Meat: Poopy meat

Collective Noun: Drove


  • Same as cow

Collective Noun: Gang


  • Reynards male fox
  • Vixens female fox

Collective Noun: Leash


  • Broiler: A cockerel of 2 or 3 pounds, at 8 to 12 weeks old.
  • Fryer: A chicken of 3 to 4 pounds, at 12 to 14 weeks old.
  • Roaster: A chicken of 4 to 6 pounds, over 12 to 14 weeks old.
  • Rooster: A male chicken; also called a cock.
  • Boiler: A chicken 6 to 9 months old.
  • Cock: A male chicken, also called a rooster.
  • Cockerel: A young rooster, under 1 year old.
  • Hen: A female chicken.
  • Point-of-lay Pullet: A young female, just about to lay, near 5 months old.
  • Pullet: A young female chicken, under 1 year old.

Name of Meat: Chicken meat

Collective Noun: Leash


  • barrow – a castrated male swine
  • boar – a mature male swine; often a wild or feral swine
  • boneen – a very young pig
  • farrow (noun) – a litter of piglets
  • gilt – a female pig that has never been pregnant or is pregnant for the first time
  • hog – a domestic swine, especially a fully-grown specimen
  • pig – strictly, an immature swine; more generally, any swine, especially of the domestic variety
  • piglet – a very young pig
  • queen – a female pig that has never been mated
  • shoat – a young pig, especially one that has been weaned
  • sow – a mature female swine

Name of Meat: Pork meat

Collective Noun: A parcel, a team, or a sounder.

Cross breeds

  • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare)
  • Hinny, which is the offspring of a female donkey (jenny) and a male horse (stallion).
  • Beefalo, are 3/8 Bison and 5/8 Bovine, a fertile hybrid offspring of domestic cattle (Bos taurus), usually a male in managed breeding programs, and the American bison (Bison bison), usually a female in managed breeding programs.

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